About HyperCite


Hello, and welcome to HyperCite.


This about page is divided into seven sections.  Those sections are:


1) An overview;

2) cost (it’s free);

3) HyperCite advantages over other services;

4) ways HyperCite will benefit your practice and clients, including how to file;

5) how to use HyperCite;

6) important considerations;

7) additional resources.


While we hope you read all these sections, the HyperCite team values your time.  For an abridged version, refer to the text in red font. Specific applications are indicated by blue hyperlinks.  Those hyperlinks will direct you to a separate webpage with further detail.  We hope the following helps you on your HyperCite journey.


Happy hyperlinking!


-The HyperCite team.    




1.    Overview

HyperCite is web-based software that autonomously combines an appellate brief, motion, or other filing with the record on appeal. Once combined, HyperCite simultaneously creates hyperlinks between textual record citations in the brief, petition, motion, or otherwise, to the exact pages cited contained within the record on appeal.  The record on appeal for HyperCite hyperlinking purposes does not just include items such as a Reporter’s Transcript, Clerk’s Transcript, appendices, or exhibits.  HyperCite also hyperlinks citations that cite to previous briefing, motions, or any other conceivable source document.

2.    How much does HyperCite cost? (HyperCite is free.)

HyperCite is currently free to use.  All that HyperCite asks in return is that you tell your colleagues about us; provide feedback on our comment form such as, “I love it,”  “I hate it,” “how did I ever practice law without this,” or “I would pay $X for the ability to process Y number of parent documents”; and recognize that significant costs savings are realized through artificial intelligence, which raises the “axiom ‘garbage in, garbage out.’ ” (People v. Gomez (2010) 181 Cal.App.4th 1028, 1039.)  In other words, please check the documents you have created because erroneous input on the user’s part may create unintended results.  Finally, please help us by filing your hyperlinked briefs, petitions, motions or otherwise in the California Court of Appeal or California Supreme Court as often as possible.

3.    How is HyperCite different than what is already out there? (HyperCite’ employ of artificial intelligence results in significant cost savings, speed, and accuracy compared to what already exists.)

HyperCite is light years ahead of anything else in the marketplace.  Current options for hyperlinking are extraordinarily expensive ($5,000 to $10,000), must be arranged in advance, and typically involve preliminary interaction with a salesperson.  HyperCite, on the other hand, is free, easy to use, accurate, and (depending on internet speed and file sizes) could take only seconds for actual processing to take place.  Moreover, HyperCite makes solving problems with your own cites much easier. At some point, HyperCite will charge for its service, yet that charge will be nominal compared to others in the field. HyperCite’ heavy reliance on artificial intelligence is what makes sets it apart in terms of capability, and price.  

4.    How can HyperCite help my law practice and clients?


                        i.         Use HyperCite to hyperlink opposing party’s filings to the record in order to, increase efficiency, decrease tedium and frustration, and create a higher quality work product.

Hyperlinked parent documents (briefs, motions, petitions, and etc), which HyperCite creates, will greatly benefit your practice and clients.  First, as a Respondent, you can hyperlink the Appellant’s brief, motion, or etc., to the record.  This makes reviewing the opposing party’s brief, or otherwise, not only more efficient, but much less tedious and frustrating than pulling up each record source individually and entering the page number into your PDF reader.  As a result, you will immediately notice a decrease in thought process interruptions.  Moreover, as the Appellant, you can hyperlink the Respondent’s brief or otherwise to the record as well.  Again, this makes reviewing the Response, and ultimately writing the Reply, much more efficient and less tedious.  These are outcomes that will save you from irritation, save clients’ money, and ultimately lead to better work product.

                      ii.         Use HyperCite to hyperlink your oral argument notes to the record.

Second, hyperlinked parent documents are also useful at oral argument.  By this, we mean you can hyperlink any citations in your oral argument notes to the record as well. In fact, while HyperCite was developed with the legal system in mind, the software works in any application where there is one document that cites to other documents. 

                    iii.         File your hyperlinked documents in the Court of Appeal or Supreme Court to boost your credibility; make the research attorneys’ or justices’ jobs easier; and ultimately ensure you have presented your best case.  Feel free to read our section on how to file.

Third, you can also file your hyperlinked brief in the reviewing court. The reason for doing so is that a hyperlinked brief, petition, etc., is far superior to the same without hyperlinks.  Courts have expressed a desire for hyperlinked filings for some time, yet prior to HyperCite there was no way to create hyperlinked documents quickly, or without exorbitant fees. The reason courts desire hyperlinked briefs, motions, petitions, and etc. is that they make the court’s job easier.  Anything that makes their job easier is going to boost your own credibility and ensure your client has his or her best shot.

How to file: currently, you may file any hyperlinked brief, motion, petition, or etc. in a California Court of Appeal or the California Supreme Court through TrueFiling where the combined parent document (ie. brief) and record do not exceed 25-megabytes.  In other words, smaller record cases (other jurisdictions are likely possible but we cannot vouch for them at present).  It is not possible at this time to split a hyperlinked parent document and its attachments into 25-megabyte parts for submission through e-filing and have it still have working hyperlinks upon delivery to the court.  We have a solution to this problem and are working to implement it presently.  As a result, for combined files where the entire PDF file is over 25-megabytes, the hyperlinked filing should be sent to the court via USB drive.  Please speak to the court you are filing in to determine whether the court will also require the same to be TrueFiled as well and how to handle filing fees.

* Pro Tip: setting a scanner to black & white will greatly reduce file size and increase your chances of achieving a total file under 25 megabytes.

                     iv.         Checking your own citations’ accuracy is much easier and more accurate when you have linked you own documents to the record.

Fourth, and for many reasons, HyperCite makes the tedious task of checking your own citations’ accuracy and form not only easier but more accurate.  For example, aside from navigating from citation to sources easily to check accuracy, citation form errors become painfully obvious with HyperCite.  For example, HyperCite will place a box around a citation instead of link where the writer has cited pages that do not even exist. This is actually a common occurrence. The writer accidently adds an extra digit and does not realize it.  Moreover, HyperCite will not create links where a citation convention differs from what the user has defined.  In other words, it is much easier to identify your own improper citations with HyperCite. 

5.    How do I use HyperCite?  (Login, upload parent document e.g. brief or etc., and perform two simple tasks for each record document)

HyperCite was designed with ease of use in mind.  In fact, HyperCite employs artificial intelligence so heavily that only limited user imput is necessary for the software to create a hyperlinked parent document.  After creating a username and password, and logging in, all the information HyperCite requires of the user to create a hyperlinked brief is elicited from the user on a single webpage (the process documents page).  In fact, for each record document cited in the brief, petition, or otherwise, HyperCite only requires two simple actions from the user.  

On the process documents page, the user first identifies, by browsing their computer, the PDF file which will serve as the parent document (brief, petition, motion, or etc.)  Second, for any record document (i.e. what the user cites to in their brief), the user again browses their computer to identify those PDF documents as well.  In the third and final step, the user identifies the identification convention the user employed in their parent document (i.e. brief) that corresponds to a given record document.  For example, if the brief contains a citation for, (1 C.T. pp. 58-64, 62:10-63:2, 100:10-11, 103-104, 299; 2 C.T. pp. 19-20; 3 RT pp. 100:14-101:16.), the user merely identifies C.T. as one citation convention, RT as another, and so on for sources contained in cites located elsewhere.  As you may have been able to tell from the above, HyperCite can process line numbers and citations containing multiple volumes and sourcesIf the user instead employed CT, RT, Supp R.T., AOB, Petition, A.O.B., ARB, Exh., XYZ, or $@ as their citation convention, then the user would imput one of those citation conventions instead.  For any additional record sources, the user repeats steps two and three above.   

            After the user has identified their single parent document (brief, petition, or etc.), one or more record documents, and provided the citation convention for each record document, the user then hits the “submit button,” whereupon processing takes place.  After processing is complete, the user will be prompted by their web browser to either download the outputted file to their computer or open the file.  You must download the outpute file to your computer and open with either Adobe Pro or an equivalent program (Nuance’s PDF reader works as well) in order to view the hyperlinks that HyperCite created.  Don’t worry if you opened the outputted file in a non-compatible PDF viewer.  The links and attachments are likely there but just not visible to you.  Keep in mind the Court of Appeal and California Supreme Court use Adobe Pro.    

      Processing occurs quickly.  However, please realize processing time is a function of both file size and internet connection.  Most modern browsers will display as a percentage time elapsed and remaining until completion. Of note, HyperCite will not remove any bookmarks contained within any documents.

By way of example, although internet connections vary, with the type connection common in offices, HyperCite can process a 50-page parent document, 5,000 page appendix or Clerk’s Transcript, 2,000 page Reporter’s Transcript, and an additional 30-page brief in around 30 seconds.   

6.    Important considerations to keep in mind!

Now, before you go off hyperlinking your briefs, motions, petitions, grocery lists, and what have you, there are a two very important points to keep in mind.

1)    HyperCite hyperlinks page numbers within a given citation to the PDF viewer page numbers, not bate stamp numbers.  For example, with [5 RT 53-54], HyperCite will link the parent document to Reporter’s Transcript pages 53-54, as displayed in the PDF viewer.  If the Reporter left index(s) or title page(s) unnumbered or pages in separate RT volumes are not consecutive with each other, HyperCite will link citations to the wrong pages.  If this scenario applies to you, please go here to learn how to easily sync PDF viewer numbers with bate stamp numbers.


2)     Always keep in mind that a hyperlinked brief, motion, petition, or etc., is no longer just a single PDF in the traditional sense, it contains multiple documents now.  While there only exists one PDF file, that single file now contains multiple attachments within it.  To learn about removing hyperlinks or attachments if necessary, for delivery to individuals not entitled to the record, or otherwise working with hyperlinked briefs, please visit our Clerk’s Guide.


3)    Have a problem?  Let us know here.


7.    Additional resources.


1)    Specific applications

2)    Advanced users

3)    Clerk’s guide

4)    Get me going video